Many of the links below
are no longer working. The best bet is to go to www.ed.gov
and put in the search terms, i.e. "Easing the Teasing" or
Easing the Teasing:
How Parents Can Help Their Children. ERIC Digest. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed431555.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Children who
are teased on a school bus, in class, or during recess often don't want
to go to school. Unfortunately, teasing
can occur anywhere, and it is difficult to prevent--despite the best efforts
of parents, teachers, and school administrators to create a more cooperative
atmosphere (Ross, 1996)...
in Schools. ERIC Digest. (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed407154.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Bullying in schools is a worldwide problem
that can have negative consequences for the general school climate and
for the right of students to learn in a safe environment without fear.
can also have negative lifelong consequences--both for students who bully
and for their victims...
Violence Prevention. ERIC Digest, Number 94. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed379786.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Eighty-nine percent of respondents in 700
cities and towns surveyed by the National League of Cities in 1994 said
that school violence is a problem in their community (Randy Arndt 1994).
Researchers have identified several major causes for the increase in violent
behavior, causes so entangled that attempting to address one while ignoring
another is to risk failure
Attack the Roots of Violence. ERIC Digest, Number 63. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed335806.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - School crime and violence have been major
concerns of educators and the public since the early seventies. According
to Moles (1991), some types of school crime, such as theft and drug use,
have remained level or diminished in recent years. However, some
evidence suggests violent crime may be increasing...
Control of Violence in the Schools: A View from the Field. ERIC Digest
No. 100. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed377256.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Too often in urban schools across the country,
both students and teachers feel unsafe. Many have been threatened physically
or verbally, or have directly experienced violence. Beyond generating fears
for everyone's safety, violence in schools is diverting energy and resources
TREATING THE AFTERMATH OF VIOLENCE
- Students who have witnessed or been involved
in violence suffer from post traumatic stress, which can include anxiety,
fear, emotional constriction, attention difficulties, and sleeplessness.
Thus, just as victims need counseling when they leave the emergency room,
students who were bystanders to the violence need carefully led discussions
to help them with their confusion, grief, and anger...
Potentially Violent Students. ERIC Digest. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed435894.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC
Although student school shootings
of students have recently gained significant national attention, (e.g.,
homicide, rape, aggravated assault, etc.) more routine forms of student
violence continue to plague our nation's schools and streets. These
less sensational but equally harmful violent behaviors warrant appropriate
response... ...any student making
violent threats towards others should be required to complete a psychological
assessment process and parental conferencing.
Although these steps will not prevent all forms of violence from students
threatening violent behaviors, they are a means to provide a reasonable
safety standard and undoubtedly will help insulate the counselor and school
system from potential liability.
Fundamentals of School Security. ERIC Digest Number 132. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed436814.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - School security is a front-burner issue
for educators, students, and citizens reeling from the shock of a series
of mass school shootings...HOW CAN ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIORS BE CHANGED TO
MAKE SCHOOLS SAFER? - Identifying potentially violent students and intervening
before serious problems erupt has become a high priority...
Security. ERIC Digest Series Number EA 46. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed321343.html)
-CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - A twelve-year-old repeatedly teased by other
students brings a gun to school, shoots another child, and kills himself.
A knife-wielding intruder mugs a teacher in the men's room. Flying bullets
from a neighboring housing project force the evacuation of a high school's
Events such as these disrupt
the learning environment schools try to provide, filling students and staff
with fear and endangering their lives. Fortunately,
a variety of preventive and coping strategies can help beleaguered teachers
and administrators both to protect the school facilities and to safeguard
the people who use them. - HOW CAN A DISTRICT ASSESS ITS SCHOOL SECURITY
NEEDS? As Peter Blauvelt (1987) states, "A school administrator cannot
control unwanted and unacceptable behavior without timely and accurate
security data." He details a procedure for data recording, including a
sample "Incident Profile Form" on which the exact nature, time and place
of the offense, descriptions of the offender and victim, and actions taken
by the school are recorded...
Discipline. ERIC Digest, Number 78. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed350727.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - School discipline
has two main goals: (1) ensure the safety of staff and students, and (2)
create an environment conducive to learning. Serious
student misconduct involving violent or criminal behavior defeats these
goals and often makes headlines in the process. However, the commonest
discipline problems involve noncriminal student behavior (Moles 1989).
HOW IMPORTANT IS ADMINISTRATIVE
LEADERSHIP? - The principal plays an important leadership role in establishing
school discipline, both by effective administration and by personal example.
Principals of well-disciplined students are usually highly visible models.
They engage in what Duke describes as "management by walking around," greeting
students and teachers and informally monitoring possible problem areas.
principals are liked and respected, rather than feared, and communicate
caring for students as well as willingness to impose punishment if necessary
with Fears and Stress. ERIC Digest. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed341888.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Children's fears can have a self-preserving
and motivational quality or have an inhibiting or debilitating effect.
According to Morris & Kratochwill (1983) 4%
to 8% of all children in the United States will receive clinical treatment
for fear-related disorders. The numbers of untreated population often run
as much as two times those of the treated population. In
a recent survey of teachers in American international schools, the vast
majority of teachers believed that children were adversely affected by
fears and that as many as 50% were not functioning effectively at some
time because of fear-related concerns (Robinson, Rotter, Fey, & Robinson,
Overview of Strategies To Reduce School Violence. ERIC/CUE Digest No. 115.
- (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed410321.html) - CONTACT ACCESS
ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Violence among youth, especially in schools, is one
of American society's most pressing concerns. It is also a source of controversy.
While no recent nationwide study of the real extent of youth violence is
available, small-scale and regional studies indicate that youth violence
is increasing, at least slightly. In addition, youth, like adults, are
now more frequently using guns instead of fists to settle disputes...
Harassment Interventions. ERIC Digest No. 206. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed429188.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Sexual harassment affects people of all
ages and races and of both sexes. Although it has been outlawed under Title
VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and prohibited under Title IX of the
Education Amendments of 1972, many companies
and schools have yet to develop adequate policies and procedures for addressing
Challenge of Counseling in Middle Schools. ERIC Digest. - (http://www.ed.gov/databases/ERIC_Digests/ed328825.html)
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - Counselors in middle schools work with
young people whose lives are in constant flux. Early adolescence is a time
of physical, intellectual, emotional, and social development, during which
young people confront the question, "Who am I?" The young adolescent's
search for identity involves many challenges (Gerler, Hogan, & O'Rourke,
1990)... THE CHALLENGES OF STRESSFUL LIVES - Students in middle
schools frequently complain about the stress they experience in their everyday
lives (Elkind, 1990). Typical adolescent complaints include "Everyone is
watching for me to make mistakes" and "I never have any time for myself."
sometimes have a tendency to discount what adolescents say, believing that
most of the stress youngsters experience will pass as maturation occurs.
This lack of empathy on the part of adults may leave adolescents feeling
misunderstood and alienated.
Middle school counselors must implement
programs that help young adolescents deal with many stressful circumstances.
Desensitization programs that help in overcoming undue fears and relaxation
programs that attempt to relieve stress may help young adolescents develop
confidence and hope for the future...
- CONTACT ERIC 1-800-LET-ERIC - The teenage suicide rate has risen to crisis
proportions over the past 20 years. Between 1957 and 1975, the rate of
suicide among 15 to 24 year olds tripled; IDENTIFICATION: SUICIDE AS PART
OF A PROCESS - Contrary to popular belief, suicide is ...the result of
a three-step process: a previous history of problems is compounded by problems
associated with adolescence; finally, a precipitating event, often a death
or the end of a meaningful relationship, triggers the suicide (McBrien,
1983). Long-term problems can include: losing a parent or close relative
at a young age; coming from a family of divorce, or one in which there
is much discord; being a victim of domestic
violence or child
abuse;... ...or School Bullying and
For research, please visit, "Bullying Prevention - Links
that Support" at http://www.jaredstory.com/vip_links_bullying.html
Back to BullySpeech: http://www.jaredstory.com/bullyspeech.html